Vega testing, advanced allergy elimination, cytotoxic testing, iridology, kinesiology, Alcat test, allergy testing, IgG antibody testing, allergy, allergy elimination technique, VoiceBio ©TM — these are just a few unorthodox techniques that claim to diagnose allergy.
According to many International of the Society of Clinical Immunology and Allergy, unproven allergy testing provides misleading results, delays correct diagnosis and lead to unnecessarily ineffective treatment.
Allergy/Immunology Pathogenesis and testing
Primer on allergic and immunologic diseases. JAMA 1997; 278:1803-2030.
Ada G. Advances in Immunology: Vaccines and Vaccination N Engl J Med 2001; 345:1042-1053.
Davidson A., Diamond B. Advances in Immunology: Autoimmune Diseases N Engl J Med 2001; 345:340-350
Kamradt T., Mitchison N. A. Advances in Immunology: Tolerance and Autoimmunity. N Engl J Med 2001; 344:655-664.
Busse W. W., Lemanske R. F. Advances in Immunology: Asthma. N Engl J Med 2001; 344:350-362.
Kay A.B. Advances in Immunology: Allergy and Allergic Diseases— First of Two Parts N Engl J Med 2001; 344: 30-37
Kay A.B Advances in Immunology: Allergy and Allergic Diseases— Second of Two Parts N Engl J Med 2001; 344: 109-113.
Sampson H. A. Peanut Allergy N Engl J Med 2002; 346:1294-1299.
Kaplan A. P. Chronic Urticaria and Angioedema N Engl J Med 2002; 346: 175-179
Drazen J. M., Israel E., O’Byrne P. M. Drug Therapy: Treatment of Asthma with Drugs Modifying the Leukotriene Pathway. N Engl J Med 1999; 340: 197-206
Gruchalla R. S. Immunotherapy in Allergy to Insect Stings in Children N Engl J Med 2004; 351:707-709
Bernstein, I. L., Storms, W. W. (eds). The American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology and the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology. Practice parameters for allergy diagnostic testing. Joint Task Force on Practice Parameters for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Asthma. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 1995; 75 (Pt 2): 543-625.
Hamilton RG, Adkinson NF. In vitro assays for the diagnosis of IgE mediated disorders. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2004; 114; 213-225.
Carter, E. R., Pulos, E., Delaney, J., Matheson, E. J., Moffitt, D. R. Allergy history does not predict skin test reactivity in asthmatic children. J Asthma 2000; 37: 685-90.
Ponsonby, A. L., Gatenby, P., Glasgow, N., Mullins, R., McDonald, T., Hurwitz, M. Which clinical subgroups within the spectrum of child asthma are attributable to atopy? Chest 2000; 121: 135-42.
van Asperen PP, Kemp AS. The natural history of IgE sensitisation and atopic disease in early childhood. Acta Paediatr Scand 1989; 78: 239-45.
Cytotoxic food testing
Black AP. A new diagnostic method in allergic disease. Pediatrics 1956; 17: 716-724.
Bryan WRK, Bryan MP. The application of in vitro cytotoxic reactions to clinical diagnosis of food allergy. Laryngoscope 1960; 70: 810.
Bryan WRK, Bryan MP. Diagnosis of food allergy by cytotoxic reactions. Trans Am Soc Ophthal Otolaryngol Allergy 1967; 8: 14.
Bryan WRK, Bryan MP. Cytotoxic reactions in the diagnosis of food allergy. Otolaryngol Clin North Am 1971; 4: 523.
Ulett, G. A., Perry S.G. Cytotoxic testing and leukocyte increase as an index to food sensitivity. Ann Allergy 1974; 33: 23-32.
Medicare program; exclusion of cytotoxic leukocyte testing from Medicare coverage–HCFA. Notice of ruling. Fed Regist 1985; 50(129): 27691-3.
Benson, T. E., Arkins J.A. Cytotoxic testing for food allergy: evaluation of reproducibility and correlation. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1976; 58: 471-6.
Committee of Public Health. Statement on cytotoxic testing for food allergy (Bryan’s test). Bull N Y Acad Med 1988; 64: 117-9.
Ulett, G. A., E. Itil, et al. Cytotoxic food testing in alcoholics. Q J Stud Alcohol 1974; 35(3): 930-42.
King, W. P. Testing for food allergy: a statistical comparison of cytotoxic and intracutaneous tests. Laryngoscope 1978; 88: 1649-59.
Ulett, G. A., Perry S.G. Cytotoxic testing and leucocyte increase as an index to food sensitivity. II. Coffee and tobacco. Ann Allergy 1975; 34: 150-60.
Stein, H. L. Unreliability of cytotoxic food testing. West J Med 1975; 122: 491-2.
Franklin W, Lowell FE. Failure of ragweed pollen extract to destroy white cells in ragweed-sensitive patients. J Allergy 1949; 20: 375-377
Lieberman p, Crawford L, Bjelland J, Connell B, Rice M. Controlled study of the cytotoxic food test. JAMA 1974; 231: 728-730.
Benson TE, Arkins JA. Cytotoxic testing for food allergy: evaluations of reproducibility and correlation. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1976; 58: 471-476.
Lowell FC, Heiner DE. Food allergy cytotoxic diagnostic technique not proven. JAMA 1972; 220: 1624-1630.
McCarney RW, Brinkhaus B, Lasserson TJ, Linde K. Acupuncture for chronic asthma. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2003, Issue 3
MacPherson H, Thomas K, Walters S, Fitter M. A prospective survey of adverse events and treatment reactions following 34,000 consultations with professional acupuncturists. Acupunct Med 2001; 19: 93-102.
Medici TC, Grebski E, Wu J, Hinz G, Wuthrich B. Acupuncture and bronchial asthma: a long-term randomized study of the effects of real versus sham acupuncture compared to controls in patients with bronchial asthma. J Altern Complement Med 2002; 8: 737-50; discussion 751-4.
Steurer-Stey C, Russi EW, Steurer J. Complementary and alternative medicine in asthma: do they work? Swiss Med Wkly. 2002 Jun 29; 132(25-26): 338-44. Review.
Martin J, Donaldson AN, Villarroel R, Parmar MK, Ernst E, Higginson IJ. Efficacy of acupuncture in asthma: systematic review and meta-analysis of published data from 11 randomised controlled trials. Eur Respir J 2002; 20: 846-52.
Malmstrom M, Ahlner J, Carlsson C, Schmekel B. No effect of chinese acupuncture on isocapnic hyperventilation with cold air in asthmatics, measured with impulse oscillometry. Acupunct Med 2002; 20: 66-73.
Shapira MY, Berkman N, Ben-David G, Avital A, Bardach E, Breuer R. Short-term acupuncture therapy is of no benefit in patients with moderate persistent asthma. Chest. 2002; 121: 1396-400.
Gruber W, Eber E, Malle-Scheid D, Pfleger A, Weinhandl E, Dorfer L, Zach MS. Laser acupuncture in children and adolescents with exercise induced asthma. Thorax 2002; 57:222-5.
Linde K, Jobst K, Panton J. Acupuncture for chronic asthma. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2000; (2): CD000008. Review.
Davis PA, Chang C, Hackman RM, Stern JS, Gershwin ME. Acupuncture in the treatment of asthma: a critical review. Immunopathol (Madr).1998; 26: 263-71.
W, Peake MD. Acupuncture in treatment of stable asthma. Respir Med 1998; 92: 1143-5.
MacPherson H, Thomas K, Walters S, Fitter M. A prospective survey of adverse events and treatment reactions following 34,000 consultations with professional acupuncturists. Acupunct Med 2001; 19: 93-102.
Brinkhaus B et al. Acupuncture and Chinese herbal medicine in the treatment of patients with seasonal allergic rhinitis: a randomised-controlled trial. Allergy 2004; 59: 953-60.
Charlie C L Xue, Xuedong An, Thomas P Cheung, Cliff Da Costa, George B Lenon, Frank C Thien and David F Story. Acupuncture for persistent allergic rhinitis: a randomised, sham-controlled trial. Med J Aust 2007; 187 (6): 337-341
Chronic Candidiasis / Candida hypersensitivity syndrome
Lacour M, Zunder T, Huber R, Sander A, Daschner F, Frank U. The pathogenetic significance of intestinal Candida colonization–a systematic review from an interdisciplinary and environmental medical point of view. Int J Hyg Environ Health.2002; 205: 257-68.
Clinical ecology. Council on Scientific Affairs, American Medical Association. JAMA. 1992; 268: 3465-7.
Dismukes WE, Wade JS, Lee JY, Dockery BK, Hain JD. A randomized, double-blind trial of nystatin therapy for the candidiasis hypersensitivity syndrome. N Engl J Med. 1990 Dec 20; 323: 1717-23.
American College of Physicians. Clinical ecology. Ann Intern Med 1989; 111: 168-78.
Autogenous urine therapy
Grieco MH. Controversial practices in allergy. JAMA 1982; 247: 3106-11.
Rogalski C, Kleine-Tebbe J, Rytter M, Haustein UF, Paasch U. Anaphylactic shock after traditional Russian beauty-treatment-unpleasant surprise in a strongly penicillin-sensitized patient. Asian Pac J Allergy Immunol. 2002; 20: 197-202.
Dunne AP. The use of injected and sublingual urine in the treatment of allergies. Irish Med Times 1981; 19: 24-6.
Steel RS. The specificity of urinary proteose. Med J Aust 1932; 2: 800
Liberman J, Bigland AD. Autogenous urinary proteose in asthma and other allergic conditions. Br Med J 1937; 1: 62.
Enzyme potentiated immunotherapy
Radcliffe MJ, Lewith GT, Turner RG, Prescott P, Church MK, Holgate ST. Enzyme potentiated desensitisation in treatment of seasonal allergic rhinitis: double blind randomised controlled study. BMJ 2003; 327: 251-4.
Ippoliti F, Ragno V, Del Nero A, McEwen LM, McEwen H, Businco L. Effect of preseasonal enzyme potentiated desensitisation (EPD) on plasma-IL-6and IL-10 of grass pollen-sensitive asthmatic children. Allerg Immunol (Paris) 1997; 29:120, 123-5.
Di Stanislao C, Di Berardino L, Bianchi I, Bologna G. A double-blind, placebo-controlled study of preventive immunotherapy with E.P.D., in the treatment of seasonal allergic disease. Allerg Immunol (Paris) 1997; 29: 39-42.
Cantani A, Ragno V, Monteleone MA, Lucenti P, Businco L. Enzyme-potentiated desensitization in children with asthma and mite allergy: a double-blind study. .J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol 1996; 6: 270-6.
Astarita C, Scala G, Sproviero S, Franzese A. Effects of enzyme-potentiated desensitization in the treatment of pollinosis: a double-blind placebo-controlled trial. J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol.1996; 6: 248-55.
Fell P, Brostoff J. A single dose desensitization for summer hay fever. Results of a double blind study-1988. Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 1990; 38: 77-9.
McEwen LM. Enzyme potentiated hyposensitization: V. Five case reports of patients with acute food allergy. Ann Allergy 1975; 35: 98-103
McEwen LM, Nicholson M, Kitchen I, White S. Enzyme-potentiated hyposensitization. 3. Control by sugars and diols of the immunological effect of beta glucuronidase in mice and patients with hay fever. Ann Allergy 1973; 31: 543-50
McEwen LM, Starr MS. Enzyme-potentiated hyposensitisation. I. The effect of pre-treatment with -glucuronidase, hyaluronidase, and antigen on anaphylactic sensitivity of guinea-pigs, rats and mice. Int Arch Allergy Appl Immunol 1972; 42: 152-8.
Golden DB, Kagey-Sobotka A, Norman PS, Hamilton RG, Lichtenstein LM. Outcomes of allergy to insect stings in children, with and without venom immunotherapy. N Engl J Med. 2004 Aug 12;351(7):668-74.
Passalacqua G, Guerra L, Pasquali M, Lombardi C, Canonica GW. Efficacy and safety of sublingual immunotherapy.
Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2004 Jul;93(1):3-12; quiz 12-3, 103. Review.
Pajno GB, Passalacqua G, Vita D, Caminiti L, Parmiani S, Barberio G. Sublingual immunotherapy abrogates seasonal bronchial hyperresponsiveness in children with Parietaria-induced respiratory allergy: a randomized controlled trial. Allergy. 2004 Aug;59(8):883-7.
Sopo SM, Macchiaiolo M, Zorzi G, Tripodi S. Sublingual immunotherapy in asthma and rhinoconjunctivitis; systematic reviewof paediatric literature. Arch Dis Child. 2004 Jul;89(7):620-4..
Simons FE, Shikishima Y, Van Nest G, Eiden JJ, HayGlass KT. Selective immune redirection in humans with ragweed allergy by injecting Amb a 1 linked to immunostimulatory DNA. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2004 Jun;113(6):1144-51.
Bernstein DI, Wanner M, Borish L, Liss GM; Immunotherapy Committee, American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology. Twelve-year survey of fatal reactions to allergen injections and skin testing: 1990-2001. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2004 Jun;113(6):1129-36.
Norman PS. Immunotherapy: 1999-2004. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2004 Jun;113(6):1013-23;
Bolhaar ST, Tiemessen MM, Zuidmeer L, van Leeuwen A, Hoffmann-Sommergruber K, Bruijnzeel-Koomen CA, Taams LS, Knol EF, van Hoffen E, van Ree R, Knulst AC. Efficacy of birch-pollen immunotherapy on cross-reactive food allergy confirmed by skin tests and double-blind food challenges. Clin Exp Allergy. 2004 May;34(5):761-9.
Maestrelli P, Zanolla L, Pozzan M, Fabbri LM; Regione Veneto Study Group on the “Effect of immunotherapy in allergic asthma”. Effect of specific immunotherapy added to pharmacologic treatment and allergen avoidance in asthmatic patients allergic to house dust mite. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2004 Apr;113(4):643-9
Nelson HS. Advances in upper airway diseases and allergen immunotherapy. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2004 Apr;113(4):635-42.
Moreno C, Cuesta-Herranz J, Fernandez-Tavora L, Alvarez-Cuesta E; Immunotherapy Committee, Sociedad Espanola de Alergologia e Inmunologia Clinica. Immunotherapy safety: a prospective multi-centric monitoring study of biologically standardized therapeutic vaccines for allergic diseases. Clin Exp Allergy. 2004 Apr;34(4):527-31.
Terr AI. Unproven and controversial forms of immunotherapy. Clin Allergy Immunol. 2004;18:703-10.
Li XM, Sampson HA. Novel approaches to immunotherapy for food allergy. Clin Allergy Immunol. 2004;18:663-79. Review. No abstract available.
Valovirta E, Passalacqua G, Canonica WG. Non-injection routes for immunotherapy of allergic diseases. Clin Allergy Immunol. 2004;18:607-23.
Till SJ, Durham SR. Immunological responses to allergen immunotherapy. Clin Allergy Immunol. 2004;18:85-104.
van Neerven RJ, Arvidsson M, Ipsen H, Sparholt SH, Rak S, Wurtzen PA. A double-blind, placebo-controlled birch allergy vaccination study: inhibition of CD23-mediated serum-immunoglobulin E-facilitated allergen presentation. Clin Exp Allergy. 2004 Mar;34(3):420-8.
Wahn U. Immunotherapy in children. Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol. 2002 Dec;2(6):557-60. Review.
Abramson MJ, Puy RM, Weiner JM. Allergen immunotherapy for asthma. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2003;(4):CD001186. Review.
Brown SG, Haas MA, Black JA, Parameswaran A, Woods GM, Heddle RJ. In vitro testing to diagnose venom allergy and monitor immunotherapy: a placebo-controlled, crossover trial. Clin Exp Allergy. 2004 May;34(5):792-800.
Brown SG, Heddle RJ. Prevention of anaphylaxis with ant venom immunotherapy.
Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol. 2003 Dec; 3(6):511-6. Review.
Brown SG, Wiese MD, Blackman KE, Heddle RJ. Ant venom immunotherapy: a double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial. Lancet. 2003 Mar 22;361(9362):1001-6.
Lebovitz HE. Insulin allergy and insulin resistance. Curr Ther Endocrinol Metab 1997; 6: 500-4.
Ganz MA, Unterman T, Roberts M, Uy R, Sahgal S, Samter M, Grammer LC. Resistance and allergy to recombinant human insulin. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1990; 86: 45-51.
Hondras MA, Linde K, Jones AP. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2002;(4): CD001002. Update of: Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2001;(1): CD001002. Manual therapy for asthma.
Bronfort G, Evans RL, Kubic P, Filkin P. Chronic pediatric asthma and chiropractic spinal manipulation: a prospective clinical series and randomized clinical pilot study. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2001; 24: 369-77.
Balon J, Aker PD, Crowther ER, Danielson C, Cox PG, O’Shaughnessy D, Walker C,Goldsmith CH, Duku E, Sears MR. A comparison of active and simulated chiropractic manipulation as adjunctive treatment for childhood asthma. N Engl J Med 1999; 340: 391
Nielsen NH, Bronfort G, Bendix T, Madsen F, Weeke B. Chronic asthma and chiropractic spinal manipulation: a randomized clinical trial. Clin Exp Allergy.1995; 25: 80-8.
Jamison JR, McEwen AP, Thomas SJ. Chiropractic adjustment in the management of visceral conditions: a critical appraisal. J Manipulative Physiol Ther1992; 15: 171-80.
Bronfort G, Evans RL, Kubic P, Filkin P. Chronic pediatric asthma and chiropractic spinal manipulation: a prospective clinical series and randomized clinical pilot study.[see comment]. Journal of Manipulative & Physiological Therapeutics 2001;24(6):369-77.
Hondras MA, Linde K, Jones AP. Manual therapy for asthma. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2005, Issue 2.
Potter PC, Mullineux J, Weinberg EG, Haus M, Ireland P, Buys C, Motala C. The ALCAT test – inappropriate in testing for food allergy in clinical practice. S Afr Med J 1992; 81: 384.
Williams RI. The provocative skin food test. Laryngoscope 1965; 75: 1428-1437.
Williams RI. Skin titration: testing and treatment. Otolaryngol Clin N Am 1971; 4: 507-521.
Willoughby JW. Provocative food test technique. Ann Allergy 1965; 23: 543-554.
Lewett DL, Fein G, Greenberg MH. A double-blind study of symptom provocation to determine food sensitivity. N Engl Med 1990; 323: 429-433
Breneman JC, Crock We, Deamer W, et al Report of the Food Allergy Committee on the sublingual method of provocative testing for food allergy. Ann Allergy 1973; 31: 382-3.
Samter M, Sublingual desensitization for allergy not recommended. JAMA 1972; 215: 1210.
Stewart, T. C. Vega testing in the diagnosis of allergic conditions. Med J Aust 1991; 155: 423.
Katelaris, C. H., J. M. Weiner, et al. Vega testing in the diagnosis of allergic conditions. The Australian College of Allergy. Med J Aust 1991; 155: 113-4. (http://www.mja.com.au/public/guides/vega/vega.html),
Voll R. The phenomenon of medicine testing in electroacupuncture according to Voll. Am J Acupuncture 1980; 8: 87.
George T Lewith, Julian N Kenyon, Jackie Broomfield, Philip Prescott, Jonathan Goddard, and Stephen T Holgate. Is electrodermal testing as effective as skin prick tests for diagnosing allergies? A double blind, randomised block design study. BMJ 2001; 322: 131-134
Semizzi M, Senna G, Crivellaro M, Rapacioli G, Passalacqua G, Canonica WG, Bellavite P. A double-blind, placebo-controlled study on the diagnostic accuracy of an electrodermal test in allergic subjects. Clin Exp Allergy2002; 32: 928-32.
Food IgG antibodies
Barnes, R. M. IgG and IgA antibodies to dietary antigens in food allergy and intolerance.” Clin Exp Allergy 1995; 25 (Suppl 1): 7-9.
Husby, S., F. Schultz Larsen, et al. IgG subclass antibodies to dietary antigens in atopic dermatitis. Acta Derm Venereol Suppl (Stockh) 1989; 144: 88-92.
Johansson, S. G., A. Dannaeus, et al. The relevance of anti-food antibodies for the diagnosis of food allergy. Ann Allergy 1984; 53: 665-72.
Dannaeus, A., S. G. Johansson, et al. Clinical and immunological aspects of food allergy in childhood. I. Estimation of IgG, IgA and IgE antibodies to food antigens in children with food allergy and atopic dermatitis. Acta Paediatr Scand 1977; 66: 31-7.
Eysink, P. E., P. J. Bindels, et al. Do levels of immunoglobulin G antibodies to foods predict the development of immunoglobulin E antibodies to cat, dog and/or mite? Clin Exp Allergy 2002; 32: 556-62.
Merrett J, Burr ML, Merrett TG. A community survey of IgG4 Antibody levels. Clin Allergy 1983; 13: 397-407.
AAAAI Board of Directors. Measurement of specific and nonspecific IgG4 levels as diagnostic and prognostic tests for clinical allergy. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1995; 95:
W Atkinson 1,T A Sheldon 2,N Shaath 1and P J Whorwe . Food elimination based on IgG antibodies in irritable bowel syndrome: a randomised controlled trial. Gut 2004 53: 1459-1464
Cockburn DM. A study of the validity of iris diagnosis. Aust J Optometry1981; 64: 154-157.
Munstedt K, El-Safadi S, Bruck F, Zygmunt M, Hackethal A, Tinneberg HR. Can iridology detect susceptibility to cancer? A prospective case controlled study.J Altern Complement Med. 2005 Jun;11(3):515-9.
Ernst E. Iridology: not useful and potentially harmful. Arch Ophthalmol. 2000 Jan;118(1):120-1.
Ernst E. Iridology: A systematic review. Forsch Komplementarmed. 1999 Feb;6(1):7-9. Review.
Worrall RS. Pseudoscience–a critical look at iridology. J Am Optom Assoc. 1984 Oct;55(10):735-9.
Stark DJ. Look into my eyes. Iridology exposed. Med J Aust. 1981 Dec 12-26;2(12-13):676-9.
Simon A, Worthen DM, Mitas JA 2nd. An evaluation of iridology. JAMA. 1979 Sep 28;242(13):1385-9.
Garrow, J. S. Kinesiology and food allergy. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1988; 296: 1573-4.
Ludtke, R., B. Kunz, et al. Test-retest-reliability and validity of the Kinesiology muscle test. Complement Ther Med 2001; 9: 141-5.
Schmitt, W. H., Jr. and G. Leisman (1998). Correlation of applied kinesiology muscle testing findings with serum immunoglobulin levels for food allergies. Int J Neurosci 96(3-4): 237-44.
Pothmann R, von Frankenberg S, Hoicke C, Weingarten H, Ludtke R. Evaluation of applied kinesiology in nutritional intolerance of childhood Forsch Komplementarmed Klass Naturheilkd. 2001 Dec;8(6):336-44.
Coca AF. The Pulse Test. Easy Allergy Detection. Arco Publishing Inc, New York, 1982.
Barrett S. Commercial hair analysis: science or scam? JAMA 1985; 254: 1041-1045.
Fletcher OJ. Hair analysis. Proven and problematical applications. Postgrad Med 1982; 72:79-88.
Rivlin RS. Misuse of hair analysis for nutritional assessment. Am J Med 1983; 75:489-493.
Hambidge KM. Hair analyses: worthless for vitamins, limited for minerals. Am J Clin Nutr 1982; 36:943-949.
Seidal S et al. Assessment of commercial laboratories performing hair mineral analysis. JAMA 2001; 285: 67-72.
Deeming SB,Weber CW. Hair analysis of trace minerals in human subjects as influenced by age, sex, and contraceptive drugs. Am J Clin Nutr 1978; 31:1175-1180.
Wilcox J. Alternative medicine: radionics. Nurs Times 1976; 72: 568-70.
Radionics and the black box judgement for defendant. Br Med J. 1960; 5195: 398-9.
Radionics and the black box. Action for fraud against Mr. de la Warr. Br Med J. 1960; 5192:156-8.
McCarney R, Fisher P, Spink F, Flint G, van Haselen R. Can homeopaths detect homeopathic medicines by dowsing? A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. J R Soc Med 2002; 95:189-91.
Skrabanek P. Paranormal health claims. Experientia 1988; 44: 303-9.
Barlow,J, Cullen L. Increasing touch between parents and children with disabilities: preliminary results from a new programme.” J Fam Health Care 2002; 12: 7-9.
Blanc, P. D., L. Trupin, et al. Alternative therapies among adults with a reported diagnosis of asthma or rhinosinusitis : data from a population-based survey. Chest 2001; 120: 1461-7.
Brygge, T., J. H. Heinig, et al.Reflexology and bronchial asthma. Respir Med 2001; 95: 173-9.
Field, T., T. Henteleff, et al. Children with asthma have improved pulmonary functions after massage therapy.J Pediatr 1998; 132: 854-8.
Maa, S. H., M. F. Sun, et al. Effect of acupuncture or acupressure on quality of life of patients with chronic obstructive asthma: a pilot study. J Altern Complement Med 2003; 9: 659-70.
Brygge T, Heinig JH, Collins P, Ronborg S, Gehrchen PM, Hilden J, Heegaard S, Poulsen LK. Reflexology and bronchial asthma. Respir Med. 2001; 95:173-9.
Hondras, M. A., K. Linde, et al. Manual therapy for asthma. Cochrane Database Syst Rev(1): 2001; CD001002.
Cherkin DC, Sherman KJ, Deyo RA, Shekelle PG. A review of the evidence for the effectiveness, safety, and cost of acupuncture, massage therapy, and spinal manipulation for back pain. Ann Intern Med 2003; 138: 898-906.
Kober A, Scheck T, Schubert B, Strasser H, Gustorff B, Bertalanffy P, Wang SM, Kain ZN, Hoerauf K. Auricular acupressure as a treatment for anxiety in prehospital transport settings. Anesthesiology 2003; 98:1328-32.
Petersen L, Faurschou P, Olsen O, Svendsen U. Footzone therapy and bronchial asthma – a clinically controlled investigation. Ugeskr Laeger 1992;154:2065-8.
Oleson, T. and W. Flocco. Randomized controlled study of premenstrual symptoms treated with ear, hand, and foot reflexology. Obstet Gynecol 1993; 82: 906-11.
Robertson, A., K. Gilmore, et al. Effects of connective tissue massage in subacute asthma. Med J Aust 1984; 140: 52-3.
Yan, S. 14 cases of child bronchial asthma treated by auricular plaster and meridian instrument. J Tradit Chin Med 1998; 18: 202-4.
Ernst E. Rise in popularity of complementary and alternative medicine: reasons and consequences for vaccination. Vaccine 2001; 20 (Suppl 1): S90-3; discussion S89.
Lehrke P, Nuebling M, Hofmann F, Stoessel U. Attitudes of homoeopathic physicians towards vaccination. Vaccine 2001; 19: 4859-64.
Sulfaro F, Fasher B, Burgess MA. Homoeopathic vaccination. What does it mean? Immunisation Interest Group of the Royal Alexandra Hospital for Children. Med J Aust 1994; 161: 305-7.
Livartowski A, Toulotte K, Reinert P. The practitioner and vaccination (results of a sample survey. Pediatrie 1987; 42: 483-7.
White A, Slade P, Hunt C, Hart A, Ernst E. Individualised homeopathy as an adjunct in the treatment of childhood asthma: a randomised placebo controlled trial. Thorax 2003; 58:317-21.
White A, Slade P, Hunt C, Hart A, Ernst E. Individualised homeopathy as an adjunct in the treatment of childhood asthma: a randomised placebo controlled trial. Allergy 2002; 57: 694-700.
Schafer T, Riehle A, Wichmann HE, Ring J. Alternative medicine in allergies – prevalence, patterns of use, and costs. Allergy 2002; 57: 655-8.
Lewith GT, Watkins AD, Hyland ME, Shaw S, Broomfield JA, Dolan G, Holgate ST. Use of ultramolecular potencies of allergen to treat asthmatic people allergic to house dust mite: double blind randomised controlled clinical trial. BMJ 2002 ; 324: 520.
Aabel S. No beneficial effect of isopathic prophylactic treatment for birch pollen allergy during a low-pollen season: a double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial of homeopathic Betula 30c. Br Homeopath J.2000; 89: 169-73.
Linde K, Jobst KA. Homeopathy for chronic asthma. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2000; (2): CD000353.
Reilly D, Taylor MA, Beattie NG, Campbell JH, McSharry C, Aitchison TC, Carter
R, Stevenson RD. Is evidence for homoeopathy reproducible? Lancet 1994; 344:1601-6.
Reilly DT, Taylor MA, McSharry C, Aitchison T. Is homoeopathy a placebo response? Controlled trial of homoeopathic potency, with pollen in hay fever as model. Lancet1986; 2: 881-6.
Schmidt K, Ernst E. MMR vaccination advice over the Internet. Vaccine 2003; 21(11-12):1044-7.
Audicana M, Bernedo N, Gonzalez I, Munoz D, Fernandez E, Gastaminza G. An unusual case of baboon syndrome due to mercury present in a homeopathic medicine. Contact Dermatitis 2001; 45: 185.
Barquero Romero J, Redondo Lopez JM, Galeano Diaz F, Perez Miranda M. Fatal acute pancreatitis in a patient who received an homeopathic treatment. Med Clin (Barc) 2004; 122:318-9.
Cardinali C, Francalanci S, Giomi B, Caproni M, Sertoli A, Fabbri P. Contact dermatitis from Rhus toxicodendron in a homeopathic remedy. J Am Acad Dermatol 2004; 50:150-1.
Bellavite P, Ortolani R, Pontarollo F, Piasere V, Benato G, Conforti A. Immunology and homeopathy. 4. Clinical studies-part 2. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2006 Dec;3(4):397-409. Epub 2006 Jul 31.
Loudon I. A brief history of homeopathy. J R Soc Med. 2006 Dec;99(12):607-10.
Vickers AJ, Smith C. Homoeopathic Oscillococcinum for preventing and treating influenza and influenza-like syndromes. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2006 Jul 19;3:CD001957. Review.
Passalacqua G, Bousquet PJ, Carlsen KH, Kemp J, Lockey RF, Niggemann B,
Pawankar R, Price D, Bousquet J. ARIA update: I–Systematic review of complementary and alternative medicine for rhinitis and asthma. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2006 May;117(5):1054-62. Review.
Shang A, Huwiler-Muntener K, Nartey L, Juni P, Dorig S, Sterne JA, Pewsner D,
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McCarney RW, Linde K, Lasserson TJ. Homeopathy for chronic asthma. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2004, Issue 1.
Clinical Ecology/ Environmental Illness / Multiple Chemical Sensitivity / Idiopathic environmental intolerance
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Elimination diets for food intolerance
IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME
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NUTRITION IMPACT OF DIETARY RESTRICTION
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Buteyko Breathing technique
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Adverse outcomes from unorthodox treatments
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