Posted by: Indonesian Children | February 28, 2009

Reference : unorthodox techniques for diagnosing and treating allergies

Vega testing, advanced allergy elimination, cytotoxic testing, iridology, kinesiology, Alcat test, allergy testing, IgG antibody testing, allergy, allergy elimination technique, VoiceBio ©TM — these are just a few unorthodox techniques that claim to diagnose allergy.

According to many International of  the Society of Clinical Immunology and Allergy, unproven allergy testing provides misleading results, delays correct diagnosis and lead to unnecessarily ineffective treatment.

References

Allergy/Immunology Pathogenesis and testing

Primer on allergic and immunologic diseases.  JAMA 1997; 278:1803-2030.

Ada G. Advances in Immunology: Vaccines and Vaccination N Engl J Med 2001; 345:1042-1053.

Davidson A., Diamond B. Advances in Immunology: Autoimmune Diseases  N Engl J Med 2001; 345:340-350

Kamradt T., Mitchison N. A. Advances in Immunology: Tolerance and Autoimmunity.   N Engl J Med 2001; 344:655-664.

Busse W. W., Lemanske R. F.  Advances in Immunology: Asthma. N Engl J Med 2001; 344:350-362.

Kay A.B.  Advances in Immunology: Allergy and Allergic Diseases— First of Two Parts  N Engl J Med 2001;  344: 30-37

Kay A.B Advances in Immunology: Allergy and Allergic Diseases— Second of Two Parts N Engl J Med 2001;  344: 109-113.

Sampson H. A. Peanut Allergy N Engl J Med 2002; 346:1294-1299.

Kaplan A. P.  Chronic Urticaria and Angioedema  N Engl J Med 2002;  346: 175-179

Drazen J. M., Israel E., O’Byrne P. M.  Drug Therapy: Treatment of Asthma with Drugs Modifying the Leukotriene Pathway.  N Engl J Med 1999; 340: 197-206

Gruchalla R. S.  Immunotherapy in Allergy to Insect Stings in Children  N Engl J Med 2004; 351:707-709

Bernstein, I. L., Storms, W. W. (eds). The American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology and the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology. Practice parameters for allergy diagnostic testing. Joint Task Force on Practice Parameters for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Asthma. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 1995; 75 (Pt 2): 543-625.

Hamilton RG, Adkinson NF. In vitro assays for the diagnosis of IgE mediated disorders. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2004; 114; 213-225.

Carter, E. R., Pulos, E., Delaney, J., Matheson, E. J., Moffitt, D. R. Allergy history does not predict skin test reactivity in asthmatic children. J Asthma 2000; 37: 685-90.

Ponsonby, A. L., Gatenby, P., Glasgow, N., Mullins, R., McDonald, T., Hurwitz, M. Which clinical subgroups within the spectrum of child asthma are attributable to atopy? Chest 2000; 121: 135-42.

van Asperen PP, Kemp AS. The natural history of IgE sensitisation and atopic disease in early childhood.  Acta Paediatr Scand  1989; 78: 239-45.

Cytotoxic food testing

Black AP. A new diagnostic method in allergic disease. Pediatrics 1956; 17: 716-724.

Bryan WRK, Bryan MP. The application of in vitro cytotoxic reactions to clinical diagnosis of food allergy.  Laryngoscope 1960; 70: 810.

Bryan WRK, Bryan MP. Diagnosis of food allergy by cytotoxic reactions. Trans Am Soc Ophthal Otolaryngol  Allergy 1967; 8: 14.

Bryan WRK, Bryan MP. Cytotoxic reactions in the diagnosis of food allergy.  Otolaryngol Clin North Am 1971; 4:  523.

Ulett, G. A., Perry S.G. Cytotoxic testing and leukocyte increase as an index to food sensitivity.  Ann Allergy 1974; 33: 23-32.

Medicare program; exclusion of cytotoxic leukocyte testing from Medicare coverage–HCFA. Notice of ruling. Fed Regist  1985; 50(129): 27691-3.

Benson, T. E., Arkins J.A. Cytotoxic testing for food allergy: evaluation of reproducibility and correlation.  J Allergy Clin Immunol 1976; 58: 471-6.

Committee of Public Health.  Statement  on cytotoxic testing for food allergy (Bryan’s test). Bull N Y Acad Med 1988; 64: 117-9.

Ulett, G. A., E. Itil, et al. Cytotoxic food testing in alcoholics. Q J Stud Alcohol  1974; 35(3): 930-42.

King, W. P. Testing for food allergy: a statistical comparison of cytotoxic and intracutaneous tests. Laryngoscope 1978;  88: 1649-59.

Ulett, G. A., Perry S.G. Cytotoxic testing and leucocyte increase as an index to food sensitivity. II. Coffee and tobacco. Ann Allergy 1975; 34: 150-60.

Stein, H. L. Unreliability of cytotoxic food testing. West J Med 1975; 122: 491-2.

Franklin W, Lowell FE. Failure of ragweed pollen extract to destroy white cells in ragweed-sensitive patients. J Allergy 1949; 20: 375-377

Lieberman p, Crawford L, Bjelland  J, Connell B, Rice M. Controlled study of the cytotoxic food test.  JAMA 1974; 231: 728-730.

Benson TE, Arkins JA. Cytotoxic testing for food allergy: evaluations of reproducibility and correlation. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1976; 58: 471-476.

Lowell FC,  Heiner DE. Food allergy cytotoxic diagnostic technique not proven.  JAMA 1972; 220: 1624-1630.

Acupuncture

McCarney RW, Brinkhaus B, Lasserson TJ, Linde K. Acupuncture for chronic asthma. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2003, Issue 3

MacPherson H, Thomas K, Walters S, Fitter M. A prospective survey of adverse events and treatment reactions following 34,000 consultations with professional acupuncturists. Acupunct Med 2001; 19: 93-102.

Medici TC, Grebski E, Wu J, Hinz G, Wuthrich B. Acupuncture and bronchial asthma: a long-term randomized study of the effects of real versus sham acupuncture compared to controls in patients with bronchial asthma. J Altern Complement Med 2002; 8: 737-50; discussion 751-4.

Steurer-Stey C, Russi EW, Steurer J. Complementary and alternative medicine in asthma: do they work? Swiss Med Wkly. 2002 Jun 29; 132(25-26): 338-44. Review.

Martin J, Donaldson AN, Villarroel R, Parmar MK, Ernst E, Higginson IJ. Efficacy of acupuncture in asthma: systematic review and meta-analysis of published data from 11 randomised controlled trials. Eur Respir J 2002;  20: 846-52.

Malmstrom M, Ahlner J, Carlsson C, Schmekel B. No effect of chinese acupuncture on isocapnic hyperventilation with cold air in asthmatics, measured with impulse oscillometry. Acupunct Med 2002; 20: 66-73.

Shapira MY, Berkman N, Ben-David G, Avital A, Bardach E, Breuer R. Short-term acupuncture therapy is of no benefit in patients with moderate persistent asthma. Chest. 2002; 121: 1396-400. 

Gruber W, Eber E, Malle-Scheid D, Pfleger A, Weinhandl E, Dorfer L, Zach MS. Laser acupuncture in children and adolescents with exercise induced asthma. Thorax 2002; 57:222-5.

Linde K, Jobst K, Panton J. Acupuncture for chronic asthma. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2000; (2): CD000008. Review.

Davis PA, Chang C, Hackman RM, Stern JS, Gershwin ME. Acupuncture in the treatment of asthma: a critical review. Immunopathol (Madr).1998; 26: 263-71.

W, Peake MD. Acupuncture in treatment of stable asthma. Respir Med 1998; 92: 1143-5. 

MacPherson H, Thomas K, Walters S, Fitter M. A prospective survey of adverse events and treatment reactions following 34,000 consultations with professional acupuncturists. Acupunct Med 2001; 19: 93-102.

Brinkhaus B et al. Acupuncture and Chinese herbal medicine in the treatment of patients with seasonal allergic rhinitis: a randomised-controlled trial. Allergy 2004; 59: 953-60.

Charlie C L Xue, Xuedong An, Thomas P Cheung, Cliff Da Costa, George B Lenon, Frank C Thien and David F Story. Acupuncture for persistent allergic rhinitis: a randomised, sham-controlled trial. Med J Aust 2007; 187 (6): 337-341

Chronic Candidiasis / Candida hypersensitivity syndrome

Lacour M, Zunder T, Huber R, Sander A, Daschner F, Frank U.  The pathogenetic significance of intestinal Candida colonization–a systematic review from an interdisciplinary and environmental medical point of view.  Int J Hyg Environ Health.2002; 205: 257-68.

Clinical ecology. Council on Scientific Affairs, American Medical Association. JAMA. 1992; 268: 3465-7.

Dismukes WE, Wade JS, Lee JY, Dockery BK, Hain JD. A randomized, double-blind trial of nystatin therapy for the candidiasis hypersensitivity syndrome. N Engl J Med. 1990 Dec 20; 323: 1717-23.

American College of Physicians.  Clinical ecology. Ann Intern Med 1989; 111: 168-78.

Autogenous urine therapy

Grieco MH. Controversial practices in allergy.  JAMA 1982; 247: 3106-11.

Rogalski C, Kleine-Tebbe J, Rytter M, Haustein UF, Paasch U. Anaphylactic shock after traditional Russian beauty-treatment-unpleasant surprise in a strongly penicillin-sensitized patient.  Asian Pac J Allergy Immunol. 2002;  20: 197-202.

Dunne AP. The use of injected and sublingual urine in the treatment of allergies. Irish Med Times 1981; 19: 24-6.

Steel RS. The specificity of urinary proteose. Med J Aust 1932; 2: 800

Liberman J, Bigland AD. Autogenous urinary proteose in asthma and other allergic conditions. Br Med J 1937; 1: 62.

Enzyme potentiated immunotherapy

Radcliffe MJ, Lewith  GT, Turner RG, Prescott P, Church MK, Holgate ST.  Enzyme potentiated desensitisation in treatment of seasonal allergic rhinitis: double blind randomised controlled study. BMJ 2003; 327: 251-4.

Ippoliti F, Ragno V, Del Nero A, McEwen LM, McEwen H, Businco L. Effect of preseasonal enzyme potentiated desensitisation (EPD) on plasma-IL-6and IL-10 of grass pollen-sensitive asthmatic children.  Allerg Immunol (Paris) 1997; 29:120, 123-5.

Di Stanislao C, Di Berardino L, Bianchi I,  Bologna G. A double-blind, placebo-controlled study of preventive immunotherapy with E.P.D., in the treatment of seasonal allergic disease. Allerg Immunol (Paris) 1997; 29: 39-42.

Cantani A, Ragno V, Monteleone MA, Lucenti P, Businco L. Enzyme-potentiated desensitization in children with asthma and mite allergy: a double-blind study. .J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol 1996; 6: 270-6.

Astarita C, Scala G, Sproviero S, Franzese A. Effects of enzyme-potentiated desensitization in the treatment of pollinosis: a double-blind placebo-controlled trial. J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol.1996; 6: 248-55.

Fell P, Brostoff J. A single dose desensitization for summer hay fever. Results of a double blind study-1988.  Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 1990; 38: 77-9.

McEwen LM. Enzyme potentiated hyposensitization: V. Five case reports of patients with acute food allergy. Ann Allergy 1975; 35: 98-103

McEwen LM, Nicholson M, Kitchen I, White S. Enzyme-potentiated hyposensitization. 3. Control by sugars and diols of the immunological effect of beta glucuronidase in mice and patients with hay fever. Ann Allergy 1973; 31: 543-50

McEwen LM, Starr MS. Enzyme-potentiated hyposensitisation. I. The effect of pre-treatment with -glucuronidase, hyaluronidase, and antigen on anaphylactic sensitivity of guinea-pigs, rats and mice. Int Arch Allergy Appl Immunol 1972; 42: 152-8.

Conventional Immunotherapy 

Golden DB, Kagey-Sobotka A, Norman PS, Hamilton RG, Lichtenstein LM.  Outcomes of allergy to insect stings in children, with and without venom immunotherapy. N Engl J Med. 2004 Aug 12;351(7):668-74.

Passalacqua G, Guerra L, Pasquali M, Lombardi C, Canonica GW.  Efficacy and safety of sublingual immunotherapy.

Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2004 Jul;93(1):3-12; quiz 12-3, 103. Review.

Pajno GB, Passalacqua G, Vita D, Caminiti L, Parmiani S, Barberio G.  Sublingual immunotherapy abrogates seasonal bronchial hyperresponsiveness in children with Parietaria-induced respiratory allergy: a randomized controlled trial. Allergy. 2004 Aug;59(8):883-7.

Sopo SM, Macchiaiolo M, Zorzi G, Tripodi S.  Sublingual immunotherapy in asthma and rhinoconjunctivitis; systematic reviewof paediatric literature. Arch Dis Child. 2004 Jul;89(7):620-4..

Simons FE, Shikishima Y, Van Nest G, Eiden JJ, HayGlass KT.  Selective immune redirection in humans with ragweed allergy by injecting Amb a 1 linked to immunostimulatory DNA. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2004 Jun;113(6):1144-51.

Bernstein DI, Wanner M, Borish L, Liss GM; Immunotherapy Committee, American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology.  Twelve-year survey of fatal reactions to allergen injections and skin testing: 1990-2001. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2004 Jun;113(6):1129-36.

Norman PS.  Immunotherapy: 1999-2004. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2004 Jun;113(6):1013-23;

Bolhaar ST, Tiemessen MM, Zuidmeer L, van Leeuwen A, Hoffmann-Sommergruber K, Bruijnzeel-Koomen CA, Taams LS, Knol EF, van Hoffen E, van Ree R, Knulst AC.  Efficacy of birch-pollen immunotherapy on cross-reactive food allergy confirmed by skin tests and double-blind food challenges. Clin Exp Allergy. 2004 May;34(5):761-9.

Maestrelli P, Zanolla L, Pozzan M, Fabbri LM; Regione Veneto Study Group on the “Effect of immunotherapy in allergic asthma”.   Effect of specific immunotherapy added to pharmacologic treatment and allergen avoidance in asthmatic patients allergic to house dust mite. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2004 Apr;113(4):643-9

Nelson HS.  Advances in upper airway diseases and allergen immunotherapy. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2004 Apr;113(4):635-42.

Moreno C, Cuesta-Herranz J, Fernandez-Tavora L, Alvarez-Cuesta E; Immunotherapy Committee, Sociedad Espanola de Alergologia e Inmunologia Clinica.  Immunotherapy safety: a prospective multi-centric monitoring study of biologically standardized therapeutic vaccines for allergic diseases. Clin Exp Allergy. 2004 Apr;34(4):527-31.

Terr AI. Unproven and controversial forms of immunotherapy. Clin Allergy Immunol. 2004;18:703-10.

Li XM, Sampson HA. Novel approaches to immunotherapy for food allergy. Clin Allergy Immunol. 2004;18:663-79. Review. No abstract available. 

Valovirta E, Passalacqua G, Canonica WG. Non-injection routes for immunotherapy of allergic diseases. Clin Allergy Immunol. 2004;18:607-23.

Till SJ, Durham SR. Immunological responses to allergen immunotherapy. Clin Allergy Immunol. 2004;18:85-104.

van Neerven RJ, Arvidsson M, Ipsen H, Sparholt SH, Rak S, Wurtzen PA.  A double-blind, placebo-controlled birch allergy vaccination study: inhibition of CD23-mediated serum-immunoglobulin E-facilitated allergen presentation. Clin Exp Allergy. 2004 Mar;34(3):420-8.

Wahn U.  Immunotherapy in children. Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol. 2002 Dec;2(6):557-60. Review.

Abramson MJ, Puy RM, Weiner JM. Allergen immunotherapy for asthma. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2003;(4):CD001186. Review.

Brown SG, Haas MA, Black JA, Parameswaran A, Woods GM, Heddle RJ. In vitro testing to diagnose venom allergy and monitor immunotherapy: a placebo-controlled, crossover trial. Clin Exp Allergy. 2004 May;34(5):792-800.

Brown SG, Heddle RJ. Prevention of anaphylaxis with ant venom immunotherapy.

Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol. 2003 Dec; 3(6):511-6. Review.

Brown SG, Wiese MD, Blackman KE, Heddle RJ. Ant venom immunotherapy: a double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial. Lancet. 2003 Mar 22;361(9362):1001-6.

Insulin resistance

Lebovitz HE. Insulin allergy and insulin resistance.  Curr Ther Endocrinol Metab 1997; 6: 500-4.

Ganz MA, Unterman T, Roberts M, Uy R, Sahgal S, Samter M, Grammer LC. Resistance and allergy to recombinant human insulin.  J Allergy Clin Immunol 1990; 86: 45-51.

Chiropractic/manipulation therapy

Hondras MA, Linde K, Jones AP. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2002;(4): CD001002. Update of: Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2001;(1): CD001002. Manual therapy for asthma. 

Bronfort G, Evans RL, Kubic P, Filkin P. Chronic pediatric asthma and chiropractic spinal manipulation: a prospective clinical series and randomized clinical pilot study. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2001; 24: 369-77.

Balon J, Aker PD, Crowther ER, Danielson C, Cox PG, O’Shaughnessy D, Walker C,Goldsmith CH, Duku E, Sears MR. A comparison of active and simulated chiropractic manipulation as adjunctive treatment for childhood asthma.  N Engl J Med 1999; 340: 391

Nielsen NH, Bronfort G, Bendix T, Madsen F, Weeke B. Chronic asthma and chiropractic spinal manipulation: a randomized clinical trial.  Clin Exp Allergy.1995; 25: 80-8.

Jamison JR, McEwen AP, Thomas SJ. Chiropractic adjustment in the management of visceral conditions: a critical appraisal.  J Manipulative Physiol Ther1992; 15: 171-80.

Bronfort G, Evans RL, Kubic P, Filkin P. Chronic pediatric asthma and chiropractic spinal manipulation: a prospective clinical series and randomized clinical pilot study.[see comment]. Journal of Manipulative & Physiological Therapeutics 2001;24(6):369-77.

Hondras MA, Linde K, Jones AP. Manual therapy for asthma. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2005, Issue 2.

Alcat testing

Potter PC, Mullineux J, Weinberg EG, Haus M, Ireland P, Buys C, Motala C. The ALCAT test – inappropriate in testing for food allergy in clinical practice. S Afr Med J 1992; 81: 384.

Provocation/neutralization

Williams RI. The provocative skin food test. Laryngoscope 1965;  75: 1428-1437.

Williams RI. Skin titration: testing and treatment. Otolaryngol Clin N Am 1971; 4: 507-521.

Willoughby JW. Provocative food test technique. Ann Allergy 1965; 23: 543-554.

Lewett DL, Fein G, Greenberg MH. A double-blind study of symptom provocation to determine food sensitivity. N Engl Med 1990; 323: 429-433

Breneman JC, Crock We, Deamer W, et al Report of the Food Allergy Committee on the sublingual method of provocative testing for food allergy. Ann Allergy 1973; 31: 382-3.

Samter M, Sublingual desensitization for allergy not recommended. JAMA 1972; 215: 1210.

Vega testing

Stewart, T. C. Vega testing in the diagnosis of allergic conditions. Med J Aust 1991; 155: 423.

Katelaris, C. H., J. M. Weiner, et al. Vega testing in the diagnosis of allergic conditions. The Australian College of Allergy. Med J Aust 1991; 155: 113-4.  (http://www.mja.com.au/public/guides/vega/vega.html),

Voll R. The phenomenon of medicine testing in electroacupuncture according to Voll. Am J Acupuncture 1980; 8: 87.

George T Lewith, Julian N Kenyon, Jackie Broomfield, Philip Prescott, Jonathan Goddard, and Stephen T Holgate. Is electrodermal testing as effective as skin prick tests for diagnosing allergies? A double blind, randomised block design study. BMJ 2001; 322: 131-134

Semizzi M, Senna G, Crivellaro M, Rapacioli G, Passalacqua G, Canonica WG, Bellavite P. A double-blind, placebo-controlled study on the diagnostic accuracy of an electrodermal test in allergic subjects. Clin Exp Allergy2002; 32: 928-32.

Food IgG antibodies

Barnes, R. M.  IgG and IgA antibodies to dietary antigens in food allergy and intolerance.” Clin Exp Allergy 1995; 25 (Suppl 1): 7-9.

Husby, S., F. Schultz Larsen, et al. IgG subclass antibodies to dietary antigens in atopic dermatitis.  Acta Derm Venereol Suppl (Stockh) 1989; 144: 88-92.

Johansson, S. G., A. Dannaeus, et al. The relevance of anti-food antibodies for the diagnosis of food allergy.  Ann Allergy 1984; 53: 665-72.

Dannaeus, A., S. G. Johansson, et al. Clinical and immunological aspects of food allergy in childhood. I. Estimation of IgG, IgA and IgE antibodies to food antigens in children with food allergy and atopic dermatitis.  Acta Paediatr Scand 1977; 66: 31-7.

Eysink, P. E., P. J. Bindels, et al. Do levels of immunoglobulin G antibodies to foods predict the development of immunoglobulin E antibodies to cat, dog and/or mite? Clin Exp Allergy 2002; 32: 556-62.

Merrett J, Burr ML, Merrett TG. A community survey of IgG4 Antibody levels. Clin Allergy 1983; 13: 397-407.

AAAAI Board of Directors. Measurement of specific and nonspecific IgG4 levels as diagnostic and prognostic tests for clinical allergy. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1995; 95:

W Atkinson 1,T A Sheldon 2,N Shaath 1and P J Whorwe . Food elimination based on IgG antibodies in irritable bowel syndrome: a randomised controlled trial. Gut 2004 53: 1459-1464

Iridology

Cockburn DM. A study of the validity of iris diagnosis.  Aust   J Optometry1981;  64: 154-157.

Munstedt K, El-Safadi S, Bruck F, Zygmunt M, Hackethal A, Tinneberg HR. Can iridology detect susceptibility to cancer? A prospective case controlled study.J Altern Complement Med. 2005 Jun;11(3):515-9.

Ernst E. Iridology: not useful and potentially harmful. Arch Ophthalmol. 2000 Jan;118(1):120-1.

Ernst E. Iridology: A systematic review. Forsch Komplementarmed. 1999 Feb;6(1):7-9. Review.

Worrall RS. Pseudoscience–a critical look at iridology. J Am Optom Assoc. 1984 Oct;55(10):735-9.

Stark DJ.  Look into my eyes. Iridology exposed. Med J Aust. 1981 Dec 12-26;2(12-13):676-9.

Simon A, Worthen DM, Mitas JA 2nd. An evaluation of iridology. JAMA. 1979 Sep 28;242(13):1385-9.

Kinesiology

Garrow, J. S. Kinesiology and food allergy.  Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1988; 296: 1573-4.

Ludtke, R., B. Kunz, et al. Test-retest-reliability and validity of the Kinesiology muscle test. Complement Ther Med 2001; 9: 141-5.

Schmitt, W. H., Jr. and G. Leisman (1998). Correlation of applied kinesiology muscle testing findings with serum immunoglobulin levels for food allergies. Int J Neurosci 96(3-4): 237-44.

Pothmann R, von Frankenberg S, Hoicke C, Weingarten H, Ludtke R. Evaluation of applied kinesiology in nutritional intolerance of childhood Forsch Komplementarmed Klass Naturheilkd. 2001 Dec;8(6):336-44.

Pulse testing

Coca AF. The Pulse Test.  Easy Allergy Detection. Arco Publishing Inc, New York, 1982.

Hair analysis

Barrett S. Commercial hair analysis: science or scam?  JAMA 1985; 254: 1041-1045.

Fletcher  OJ. Hair analysis. Proven and problematical applications.  Postgrad Med  1982; 72:79-88.

Rivlin RS.  Misuse of hair analysis for nutritional assessment. Am J Med 1983; 75:489-493.

Hambidge KM. Hair analyses: worthless for vitamins, limited for minerals. Am J Clin Nutr 1982; 36:943-949.

Seidal S et al. Assessment of commercial laboratories performing hair mineral analysis. JAMA 2001; 285: 67-72.

Deeming SB,Weber CW. Hair analysis of trace minerals in human subjects as influenced by age, sex, and contraceptive drugs.  Am J Clin Nutr 1978; 31:1175-1180.

Radionics

Wilcox J. Alternative medicine: radionics.   Nurs Times 1976; 72: 568-70.

Radionics  and the black box judgement for defendant.  Br Med J. 1960; 5195: 398-9.

Radionics and the black box. Action for fraud against Mr. de la Warr. Br Med J. 1960; 5192:156-8.

McCarney R, Fisher P, Spink F, Flint G, van Haselen R. Can homeopaths detect homeopathic medicines by dowsing? A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.  J R Soc Med 2002; 95:189-91.

Skrabanek P. Paranormal health claims. Experientia 1988; 44: 303-9.

Reflexology

Barlow,J, Cullen L. Increasing touch between parents and children with disabilities: preliminary results from a new programme.” J Fam Health Care 2002; 12: 7-9.

Blanc, P. D., L. Trupin, et al. Alternative therapies among adults with a reported diagnosis of asthma or rhinosinusitis : data from a population-based survey. Chest 2001; 120: 1461-7.

Brygge, T., J. H. Heinig, et al.Reflexology and bronchial asthma. Respir Med 2001; 95: 173-9.

Field, T., T. Henteleff, et al. Children with asthma have improved pulmonary functions after massage therapy.J Pediatr  1998; 132: 854-8.

Maa, S. H., M. F. Sun, et al. Effect of acupuncture or acupressure on quality of life of patients with chronic obstructive asthma: a pilot study. J Altern Complement Med 2003; 9: 659-70.

Brygge T, Heinig JH, Collins P, Ronborg S, Gehrchen PM, Hilden J, Heegaard S, Poulsen LK. Reflexology and bronchial asthma.  Respir Med. 2001; 95:173-9.

Hondras, M. A., K. Linde, et al. Manual therapy for asthma. Cochrane Database Syst Rev(1): 2001; CD001002.

Cherkin DC, Sherman KJ, Deyo RA, Shekelle PG. A review of the evidence for the effectiveness, safety, and cost of acupuncture, massage therapy, and spinal manipulation for back pain. Ann Intern Med 2003; 138: 898-906.

Kober A, Scheck T, Schubert B, Strasser H, Gustorff B, Bertalanffy P, Wang SM, Kain ZN, Hoerauf K. Auricular acupressure as a treatment for anxiety in prehospital transport settings. Anesthesiology 2003; 98:1328-32.

Petersen L, Faurschou P, Olsen O, Svendsen U. Footzone therapy and bronchial asthma – a clinically controlled investigation. Ugeskr Laeger 1992;154:2065-8.

Oleson, T. and W. Flocco. Randomized controlled study of premenstrual symptoms treated with ear, hand, and foot reflexology. Obstet Gynecol  1993; 82: 906-11.

Robertson, A., K. Gilmore, et al. Effects of connective tissue massage in subacute asthma. Med J Aust 1984; 140: 52-3.

Yan, S.  14 cases of child bronchial asthma treated by auricular plaster and meridian instrument. J Tradit Chin Med 1998; 18: 202-4.

Homoeopathy

Ernst E. Rise in popularity of complementary and alternative medicine: reasons and consequences for vaccination. Vaccine 2001; 20 (Suppl 1): S90-3; discussion S89.

Lehrke P, Nuebling M, Hofmann F, Stoessel U. Attitudes of homoeopathic physicians towards vaccination. Vaccine  2001; 19: 4859-64.

Sulfaro F, Fasher B, Burgess MA. Homoeopathic vaccination. What does it mean? Immunisation Interest Group of the Royal Alexandra Hospital for Children. Med J Aust 1994; 161: 305-7.

Livartowski A, Toulotte K, Reinert P. The practitioner and vaccination (results of a sample survey. Pediatrie 1987; 42: 483-7.

White A, Slade P, Hunt C, Hart A, Ernst E. Individualised homeopathy as an adjunct in the treatment of childhood asthma: a randomised placebo controlled trial. Thorax 2003; 58:317-21.

White A, Slade P, Hunt C, Hart A, Ernst E. Individualised homeopathy as an adjunct in the treatment of childhood asthma: a randomised placebo controlled trial. Allergy 2002; 57: 694-700. 

Schafer T, Riehle A, Wichmann HE, Ring J. Alternative medicine in allergies – prevalence, patterns of use, and costs. Allergy 2002; 57: 655-8.

Lewith GT, Watkins AD, Hyland ME, Shaw S, Broomfield JA, Dolan G, Holgate ST. Use of ultramolecular potencies of allergen to treat asthmatic people allergic to house dust mite: double blind randomised controlled clinical trial. BMJ 2002 ; 324: 520.

Aabel S. No beneficial effect of isopathic prophylactic treatment for birch pollen allergy during a low-pollen season: a double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial of homeopathic Betula 30c. Br Homeopath J.2000;  89: 169-73.

Linde K, Jobst KA. Homeopathy for chronic asthma. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2000; (2): CD000353.

Reilly D, Taylor MA, Beattie NG, Campbell JH, McSharry C, Aitchison TC, Carter

R, Stevenson RD. Is evidence for homoeopathy reproducible? Lancet 1994; 344:1601-6.

Reilly DT, Taylor MA, McSharry C, Aitchison T. Is homoeopathy a placebo response? Controlled trial of homoeopathic potency, with pollen in hay fever as model. Lancet1986; 2: 881-6.

Schmidt K, Ernst E. MMR vaccination advice over the Internet. Vaccine 2003; 21(11-12):1044-7.

Audicana M, Bernedo N, Gonzalez I, Munoz D, Fernandez E, Gastaminza G.  An unusual case of baboon syndrome due to mercury present in a homeopathic medicine. Contact Dermatitis 2001; 45: 185.

Barquero Romero J, Redondo Lopez JM, Galeano Diaz F, Perez Miranda M. Fatal acute pancreatitis in a patient who received an homeopathic treatment. Med Clin (Barc) 2004; 122:318-9.

Cardinali C, Francalanci S, Giomi B, Caproni M, Sertoli A, Fabbri P. Contact dermatitis from Rhus toxicodendron in a homeopathic remedy. J Am Acad Dermatol 2004; 50:150-1.

Bellavite P, Ortolani R, Pontarollo F, Piasere V, Benato G, Conforti A. Immunology and homeopathy. 4. Clinical studies-part 2. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2006 Dec;3(4):397-409. Epub 2006 Jul 31.

Loudon I. A brief history of homeopathy. J R Soc Med. 2006 Dec;99(12):607-10.

Vickers AJ, Smith C. Homoeopathic Oscillococcinum for preventing and treating influenza and influenza-like syndromes. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2006 Jul 19;3:CD001957. Review.

Passalacqua G, Bousquet PJ, Carlsen KH, Kemp J, Lockey RF, Niggemann B,

Pawankar R, Price D, Bousquet J. ARIA update: I–Systematic review of complementary and alternative medicine for rhinitis and asthma. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2006 May;117(5):1054-62. Review.

Shang A, Huwiler-Muntener K, Nartey L, Juni P, Dorig S, Sterne JA, Pewsner D,

Egger M. Are the clinical effects of homoeopathy placebo effects? Comparative study of placebo-controlled trials of homoeopathy and allopathy. Lancet. 2005 Aug 27-Sep 2;366(9487):726-32.

McCarney RW, Linde K, Lasserson TJ. Homeopathy for chronic asthma. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2004, Issue 1.

Clinical Ecology/ Environmental Illness / Multiple Chemical Sensitivity / Idiopathic environmental intolerance

Terr AI. Environmental sensitivity. Immunol Allergy Clin North Am 2003;  23 : 311-28. 

Guglielmi RS, Cox DJ, Spyker DA. Behavioral treatment of phobic avoidance in multiple chemical sensitivity. J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 1994; 25: 197-209. 

Staudenmayer H, Selner JC, Buhr MP. Double-blind provocation chamber challenges in 20 patients presenting with “multiple chemical sensitivity”. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 1993; 18: 44-53. 

Clinical ecology. Executive Committee of the American Academy of Allergy and Immunology. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1986; 78: 269-71. 

Terr AI. Environmental illness. A clinical review of 50 cases. Arch Intern Med. 1986; 146: 145-9. 

Caress SM, Steinemann AC, Waddick C. Symptomatology and etiology of multiple chemical sensitivities in the southeastern United States. Arch Environ Health 2002; 57: 429-36. 

Bornschein S, Hausteiner C, Zilker T, Forstl H. Psychiatric and somatic disorders and multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS) in 264’environmental patients’. Psychol Med 2002; 32: 1387-94. 

Caccappolo-van Vliet E, Kelly-McNeil K, Natelson B, Kipen H, Fiedler N. Anxiety sensitivity and depression in multiple chemical sensitivities and asthma. J Occup Environ Med 2002; 44: 890-901. 

Tarlo SM, Poonai N, Binkley K, Antony MM, Swinson RP. Responses to panic induction procedures in subjects with multiple chemical sensitivity/idiopathic environmental intolerance: understanding the relationship with panic disorder. Environ Health Perspect 2002; 110 Suppl 4: 669-71. 

Levallois P, Neutra R, Lee G, Hristova L. Study of self-reported hypersensitivity to electromagnetic fields in California. Environ Health Perspect 2002; 110 Suppl 4: 619-23. 

Black DW, Okiishi C, Schlosser S. The Iowa follow-up of chemically sensitive persons. Ann N Y Acad Sci 2001; 933: 48-56. 

Otto T, Giardino ND. Pavlovian conditioning of emotional responses to olfactory and contextual stimuli: a potential model for the development and expression of chemical intolerance. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2001; 933: 291-309. 

Bornschein S, Forstl H, Zilker T. Generalization of acquired somatic symptoms in response to odors: a Pavlovian perspective on multiple chemical sensitivity. Psychosom Med 2000; 62: 751-9. 

Devriese S, Winters W, Stegen K, Van Diest I, Veulemans H, Nemery B, Eelen P, Van de Woestijne K, Van den Bergh O. Psychological treatment of psychogenic idiopathic environmental intolerance. Occup Med. 2000; 15: 627-46. 

Staudenmayer H. A nine-year follow-up of people diagnosed with multiple chemical sensitivities. Psychosomatics 2000; 41: 253-61. 

Elimination diets for food intolerance

IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME

Niec AM, Frankum B, Talley NJ. Are adverse food reactions linked to irritable bowel syndrome? Am J Gastroenterol 1998;93:2184-90.

Zwetchkenbaum J, Burakoff R. The irritable bowel syndrome and food hypersensitivity. Ann Allergy 1988; 61: 47-9.

Jansen SC, van Dusseldorp M, Bottema KC, Dubois AE. Intolerance to dietary biogenic amines: a review. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol  2003; 91:233-40

URTICARIA/ANGIOEDEMA

Zuberbier T, Pfrommer C, Specht K, Vieths S, Bastl-Borrmann R, Worm M, Henz BM. Aromatic components of food as novel eliciting factors of pseudoallergic reactions in chronic urticaria. J Allergy Clin Immunol  2002; 109:343-8.

Ehlers I, Niggemann B, Binder C, Zuberbier T. Role of nonallergic hypersensitivity reactions in children with chronic urticaria. Allergy  1998; 53: 1074-7.

Fuglsang G, Madsen G, Halken S, Jorgensen S, Ostergaard PA, Osterballe O. Adverse reactions to food additives in children with atopic symptoms. Allergy  1994; 49:31-7.

Goodman DL, McDonnell JT, Nelson HS, Vaughan TR, Weber RW. Chronic urticaria exacerbated by the antioxidant food preservatives, butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) and butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT). J Allergy Clin Immunol.  1990 Oct;86(4 Pt 1):570-5. 

Malanin G, Kalimo K. Henz BM, Zuberbier T. The results of skin testing with food additives and the effect of an elimination diet in chronic and recurrent urticaria and recurrent angioedema. Clin Exp Allergy  1989; 19: 539-43. 

Wilson N, Scott A.A double-blind assessment of additive intolerance in children using a 12 day challenge period at home. Clin Exp Allergy 1989; 19: 267-72. 

Supramaniam G, Warner JO. Artificial food additive intolerance in patients with angio-oedema and urticaria.  Lancet  1986; 2:907-9. 

Kemp AS, Schembri G. An elimination diet for chronic urticaria of childhood. Med J Aust 1985; 143: 234-5. 

Genton C, Frei PC, Pecoud A. Value of oral provocation tests to aspirin and food additives in the routine investigation of asthma and chronic urticaria. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1985; 76:40-5. 

Allen DH, Van Nunen S, Loblay R, Clarke L, Swain A. Adverse reactions to foods. Med J Aust 1984;141(5 Suppl):S37-42. 

Minford AM, MacDonald A, Littlewood JM. Food intolerance and food allergy in children: a review of 68 cases. Arch Dis Child  1982; 57(10):742-7. 

Gibson A, Clancy R. Management of chronic idiopathic urticaria by the identification and exclusion of dietary factors. Clin Allergy 1980;10:699-704. 

Freedman BJ. A dietary free from additives in the management of allergic disease. Clin Allergy.  1977;7:417-21. 

Ros AM, Juhlin L, Michaelsson G. A follow-up study of patients with recurrent urticaria and hypersensitivity to aspirin, benzoates and azo dyes. Br J Dermatol  1976; 95:19-24.

BEHAVIOUR

Schmidt MH, Mocks P, Lay B, Eisert HG, Fojkar R, Fritz-Sigmund D, Marcus A, Musaeus B. Does oligoantigenic diet influence hyperactive/conduct-disordered children—a controlled trial. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 1997; 6:88-95.

Krummel DA, Seligson FH, Guthrie HA. Hyperactivity: is candy causal? Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 1996; 36: 31-47.

Rowe KS, Rowe KJ. Synthetic food coloring and behavior: a dose response effect in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, repeated-measures study. J Pediatr 1994; 125(5 Pt 1):691-8.

Boris M, Mandel FS. Foods and additives are common causes of the attention deficit hyperactive disorder in children. Ann Allergy. 1994;72: 462-8.

Kanarek RB. Does sucrose or aspartame cause hyperactivity in children? Nutr Rev 1994; 52: 173-5.

Dengate S, Ruben A. Controlled trial of cumulative behavioural effects of a common bread preservative. J Paediatr Child Health.  2002; 38:373-6.

Wolraich ML, Lindgren SD, Stumbo PJ, Stegink LD, Appelbaum MI, Kiritsy MC.  Effects of diets high in sucrose or aspartame on the behavior and cognitive performance of children. N Engl J Med 1994 ;330(5):301-7.

Carter CM, Urbanowicz M, Hemsley R, Mantilla L, Strobel S, Graham PJ, Taylor E. Effects of a few food diet in attention deficit disorder. Arch Dis Child 1993;69:564-8.

Egger J, Carter CM, Graham PJ, Gumley D, Soothill JF. Controlled trial of oligoantigenic treatment in the hyperkinetic syndrome. Lancet 1985; 1:540-5.

Kavale KA, Forness SR. Hyperactivity and diet treatment: a meta-analysis of the Feingold hypothesis. J Learn Disabil 1983;16:324-30.

Hughes EC, Weinstein RC, Gott PS, Binggeli R, Whitaker KL.  Food sensitivity in attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity (ADD/HA): a procedure for differential diagnosis. Ann Allergy 1982; 49:276-80.

Salamy J, Shucard D, Alexander H, Peterson D, Braud L. Physiological changes in hyperactive children following the ingestion of food additives. Int J Neurosci 1982; 16(3-4):241-6.

Mattes JA, Gittelman R. Effects of artificial food colorings in children with hyperactive symptoms. A critical review and results of a controlled study. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1981; 38:714-8.

Bateman B, Warner JO. The effects of a double-blind, placebo controlled, artificial food colourings and benzoate preservative challenge on hyperactivity in a general population sample of preschool children. Arch Dis Child 2004; 89: 506-11.

PA Eigenmann and CA Haenggeli. Food colourings and preservatives-allergy and hyperactivity. Lancet 4 Sep 2004 364(9437): p. 823.

APHTHOUS ULCERATION

Hunter IP, Ferguson MM, Scully C, Galloway AR, Main AN, Russell RI.  Effects of dietary gluten elimination in patients with recurrent minor aphthous stomatitis and no detectable gluten enteropathy. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol.  1993;75:595-8.

Nolan A, Lamey PJ, Milligan KA, Forsyth A. Recurrent aphthous ulceration and food sensitivity. J Oral Pathol Med.  1991 Nov;20(10):473-5.

Hay KD, Reade PC. The use of an elimination diet in the treatment of recurrent aphthous ulceration of the oral cavity. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol  1984;57:504-7.

RHINITIS

Asero R. Food additives intolerance: does it present as perennial rhinitis? Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol.  2004 Feb;4(1):25-9.

Pacor ML, Di Lorenzo G, Martinelli N, Mansueto P, Rini GB, Corrocher R. Monosodium benzoate hypersensitivity in subjects with persistent rhinitis. Allergy.  2004 Feb;59(2):192-7.

Hassoun S, Sabbah A, Bouchereau JL. Non-allergic rhinitis or intrinsic rhinitis? Unusual features of nickel Allergy Allerg Immunol (Paris).  1999 Feb;31(2):57-9. Int Arch Allergy Immunol.  1996 Aug;110(4):397-400. 

Ogle KA, Bullock JD. Children with allergic rhinitis and/or bronchial asthma treated with elimination diet: a five-year follow-up. Ann Allergy.  1980 May;44(5):273.

ASTHMA

Vally H, de Klerk N, Thompson PJ. Alcoholic drinks: important triggers for asthma.  J Allergy Clin Immunol  2000; 105:462-7.

Wantke F, Hemmer W, Haglmuller T, Gotz M, Jarisch R. Histamine in wine. Bronchoconstriction after a double-blind placebo-controlled red wine provocation test.

Fuglsang G, Madsen G, Halken S, Jorgensen S, Ostergaard PA, Osterballe O. Adverse reactions to food additives in children with atopic symptoms. Allergy.  1994 Jan;49(1):31-7.

Rosenhall L. Evaluation of intolerance to analgesics, preservatives and food colorants with challenge tests. Eur J Respir Dis.  1982 Sep;63(5):410-9.

Ardern KD, Ram FS. Tartrazine exclusion for allergic asthma. Cochrane Database Syst Rev.  2001;(4):CD000460.

Freedman BJ. A dietary free from additives in the management of allergic disease. Clin Allergy.  1977 Sep;7(5):417-21.

Pearson PJ, Lewis SA, Britton J, Fogarty A. Vitamin E supplements in asthma: a parallel group randomised placebo controlled trial. Thorax.  2004 Aug;59(8):652-6.

Ram F, Ardern K. Dietary salt reduction or exclusion for allergic asthma. Cochrane Database Syst Rev.  2004;3:CD000436.

Oddy WH, de Klerk NH, Kendall GE, Mihrshahi S, Peat JK. Ratio of omega-6 to omega-3 fatty acids and childhood asthma. J Asthma.  2004;41(3):319-26.

Woods RK, Walters EH, Raven JM, Wolfe R, Ireland PD, Thien FC, Abramson MJ. Food and nutrient intakes and asthma risk in young adults. Am J Clin Nutr.  2003 Sep;78(3):414-21.

Mickleborough TD, Murray RL, Ionescu AA, Lindley MR. Fish oil supplementation reduces severity of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction in elite athletes. Am J Respir Crit Care Med.  2003 Nov 15;168(10):1181-9. Epub 2003 Aug 06.

Nafstad P, Nystad W, Magnus P, Jaakkola JJ. Asthma and allergic rhinitis at 4 years of age in relation to fish consumption

in infancy. J Asthma.  2003 Jun;40(4):343-8.

Wijga AH, Smit HA, Kerkhof M, de Jongste JC, Gerritsen J, Neijens HJ, Boshuizen HC, Brunekreef B; PIAMA. Association of consumption of products containing milk fat with reduced asthma risk in pre-school children: the PIAMA birth cohort study. Thorax.  2003 Jul;58(7):567-72.

Woods RK, Thien FC, Abramson MJ. Dietary marine fatty acids (fish oil) for asthma in adults and children. Cochrane Database Syst Rev.  2002;(3):CD001283.

Ardern KD, Ram FS. Tartrazine exclusion for allergic asthma. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2001;(4):CD000460.

Yazicioglu M, Baspinar I, Ones U, Pala O, Kiziler U. Egg and milk allergy in asthmatic children: assessment by immulite allergy food

panel, skin prick tests and double-blind placebo-controlled food challenges. Allergol Immunopathol (Madr).  1999 Nov-Dec;27(6):287-93.

Woods RK, Weiner JM, Thien F, Abramson M, Walters EH. The effects of monosodium glutamate in adults with asthma who perceive themselves to be monosodium glutamate-intolerant. J Allergy Clin Immunol  1998;101: 762-71.

Woods RK, Weiner JM, Abramson M, Thien F, Walters EH. Do dairy products induce bronchoconstriction in adults with asthma? J Allergy Clin Immunol.  1998 Jan;101(1 Pt 1):45-50. 

Hodge L, Yan KY, Loblay RL. Assessment of food chemical intolerance in adult asthmatic subjects. Thorax  1996; 51:805-9.

Sanz J, Martorell A, Torro I, Carlos Cerda J, Alvarez V. Intolerance to sodium metabisulfite in children with steroid-dependent asthma. J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol.  1992; 2:36-8.

Wilson N, Scott A. A double-blind assessment of additive intolerance in children using a 12 day challenge period at home. Clin Exp Allergy. 1989; 19: 267-72.

Moneret-Vautrin DA. Monosodium glutamate-induced asthma: study of the potential risk of 30 asthmatics and review of the literature. Allerg Immunol (Paris).  1987 Jan;19(1):29-35.

Pinnock CB, Arney  WK. The milk-mucus belief: sensory analysis comparing cow’s milk and a soy placebo.  Appetite 1993 Feb;20(1):61-70

Arney WK, Pinnock CB. The milk mucus belief: sensations associated with the  belief and characteristics of believers. Appetite 1993 Feb;20(1):53-60

Pinnock CB, Graham NM, Mylvaganam A, Douglas RM. Relationship between milk  intake and mucus production in adult volunteers challenged with rhinovirus-2.  Am Rev Respir Dis 1990 Feb;141(2):352-6

Nguyen MT. Effect of cow milk on pulmonary function in atopic asthmatic patients.  Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 1997 Jul;79(1):62-64

MIGRAINES

Jansen SC, van Dusseldorp M, Bottema KC, Dubois AE.  Intolerance to dietary biogenic amines: a review. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2003 Sep;91(3):233-40;

Hering-Hanit R, Gadoth N. Caffeine-induced headache in children and adolescents. Cephalalgia. 2003 Jun;23(5):332-5.

Strong FC 3rd.  Why do some dietary migraine patients claim they get headaches from placebos? Clin Exp Allergy. 2000 May;30(5):739-43.

Marcus DA, Scharff L, Turk D, Gourley LM.  A double-blind provocative study of chocolate as a trigger of headache. Cephalalgia. 1997 Dec;17(8):855-62;

Peatfield RC.  Relationships between food, wine, and beer-precipitated migrainous headaches. Headache. 1995 Jun;35(6):355-7.

Guariso G, Bertoli S, Cernetti R, Battistella PA, Setari M, Zacchello F.  Migraine and food intolerance: a controlled study in pediatric patients. Pediatr Med Chir. 1993 Jan-Feb;15(1):57-61.

Littlewood JT, Gibb C, Glover V, Sandler M, Davies PT, Rose FC.  Red wine as a cause of migraine. Lancet. 1988 Mar 12;1(8585):558-9.

Hasselmark L, Malmgren R, Hannerz J.  Effect of a carbohydrate-rich diet, low in protein-tryptophan, in classic and common migraine. Cephalalgia. 1987 Jun;7(2):87-92.

Salfield SA, Wardley BL, Houlsby WT, Turner SL, Spalton AP, Beckles-Wilson

NR, Herber SM.  Controlled study of exclusion of dietary vasoactive amines in migraine. Arch Dis Child. 1987 May;62(5):458-60.

Diamond S, Prager J, Freitag FG.  Diet and headache. Is there a link? Postgrad Med. 1986 Mar;79(4):279-86.

NUTRITION IMPACT OF DIETARY RESTRICTION

Henriksen C, Eggesbo M, Halvorsen R, Botten G. Nutrient intake among two-year old children on cows’ milk-restricted diets.  Acta Paediatr 2000; 89: 272-8.

Tarnow Mordi WO, Moss C & Ross K. Failure to thrive owing to inappropriate diet free of gluten and cows’ milk. Br Med J 1984; 289: 1113-1114.

Roberts IF, West RJ, Ogilvie D, Dillon MJ. Malnutrition in infants receiving cult diets: a form of child abuse. Br Med J 1979; 1:296-298.

Scarlett Salman, Lynn Christie, Wesley Burks, Mccabe-Sellers. Dietary Intakes of Children With Food Allergies: Comparison of the Food Guide Pyramid and the  Recommended Dietary Allowances 10th Ed. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2002; 109 (1: Part  2): Abstract 643.

Buteyko Breathing technique

McHugh P, Aitcheson F, Duncan B, Houghton F. Buteyko Breathing Technique for asthma: an effective intervention. N Z Med J. 2003 Dec 12;116(1187):U710.

Cooper S, Oborne J, Newton S, Harrison V, Thompson Coon J, Lewis S,

Tattersfield A.  Effect of two breathing exercises (Buteyko and pranayama) in asthma: a randomised controlled trial. Thorax. 2003 Aug;58(8):674-9.

Thomas M, McKinley RK, Freeman E, Foy C. Prevalence of dysfunctional breathing in patients treated for asthma in primary care: cross sectional survey. BMJ. 2001 May 5;322(7294):1098-100.

Al-Delaimy WK, Hay SM, Gain KR, Jones DT, Crane J. The effects of carbon dioxide on exercise-induced asthma: an unlikely explanation for the effects of Buteyko breathing training. Med J Aust. 2001 Jan 15;174(2):72-4.

Opat AJ, Cohen MM, Bailey MJ, Abramson MJ. A clinical trial of the Buteyko Breathing Technique in asthma as taught by a video. J Asthma. 2000;37(7):557-64.

Bowler SD, Green A, Mitchell CA. Buteyko breathing techniques in asthma: a blinded randomised controlled trial. Med J Aust. 1998 Dec 7-21;169(11-12):575-8.

Holloway E, Ram F. Breathing Exercises for Asthma. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2004;3.

Adverse outcomes from unorthodox treatments

Robertson DAF, Ayres RCS, Ssmith CL & Wright R Adverse consequences arising from misdiagnosis of food allergy. Br Med J 1988; 297: 719-720.

Ernst E. Serious adverse effects of unconventional therapies for children and adolescents: a systematic review of recent evidence.  Eur J Pediatr 2003; 162:72-80. Epub 2002 Dec 04. Review.

Steenkamp V, Stewart MJ, Zuckerman M. Death due to use of traditional medicines in Africa: a preventable cause of neonatal and infant mortality. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 2003; 36: 294-5. 

Tagwireyi D, Ball DE, Nhachi CF. Poisoning in Zimbabwe: a survey of eight major referral hospitals. J Appl Toxicol 2002; 22: 99-105.

Knepper K.  Withholding medical treatment from infants: when is it child neglect? J Fam Law. 1994-1995 Winter; 33:1-53.

Christie L, Hine RJ, Parker JG, Burks W. Food allergies in children affect nutrition intake and growth. J Am Diet Assoc 2002; 102: 1648-51.

Other references

Teuber, S. S. and C. Porch-Curren. Unproved diagnostic and therapeutic approaches to food allergy and intolerance.  Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol  2003; 3: 217-21.

Golbert TM. A review of controversial diagnostic and therapeutic techniques employed in allergy.  J Allergy Clin Immunol 1975; 56: 170–190.

Lowell FE. Some untested diagnostic and therapeutic procedures in clinical allergy. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1975; 56: 168-169.

American Academy of Allergy. Position statements-controversial techniques. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1981; 67: 333-338.

Ali NS, Azam SI, Noor R. Women’s beliefs regarding food restrictions during common childhood illnesses: a hospital based study. J  Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad 2003 ; 15: 26-8.

Van Metre TE Critique of controversial and unproven procedures for diagnosis and therapy of allergic disorders. Pediat Clin N Am 1983; 30:807-817.

Rona RJ, Chinn S. parent’s perceptions of food intolerance in primary school children BMJ 1987; 294: 863-6.

Coulter ID, Willis EM. The rise and rise of complementary and alternative medicine: a sociological perspective. Med J Aust 2004; 180: 587-589.

Ko J, Lee JI, Munoz-Furlong A, Li XM, Sicherer SH. Use of complementary and alternative medicine by food-allergic patients. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2006 Sep;97(3):365-9.

Wuthrich B. Unproven techniques in allergy diagnosis. J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol. 2005;15(2):86-90.

Beyer K, Teuber SS. Food allergy diagnostics: scientific and unproven procedures. Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol. 2005 Jun;5(3):261-6. Review.

Niggemann B, Gruber C. Unproven diagnostic procedures in IgE-mediated allergic diseases. Allergy. 2004 Aug;59(8):806-8.

Senna G, Passalacqua G, Lombardi C, Antonicelli L. Position paper: controversial and unproven diagnostic procedures for food allergy. Allerg Immunol (Paris). 2004 Apr;36(4):139-45.

Quackwatch web site: http://www.quackwatch.org/ 

 

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DR WIDODO JUDARWANTO SpA
children’s ALLERGY CLINIC

JL TAMAN BENDUNGAN ASAHAN 5 JAKARTA PUSAT, JAKARTA INDONESIA 10210

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