Eur Respir J 2004; 24:116-121
M.I. Gunnbjörnsdóttir1, E. Omenaas2, T. Gíslason3, E. Norrman4, A-C. Olin5, R. Jõgi6, E.J. Jensen7, E. Lindberg1, E. Björnsson3, K. Franklin2, C. Janson1 and on behalf of the RHINE study group
In a 5–10 yr follow-up study of the European Community Respiratory Health Survey in Iceland, Norway, Denmark, Sweden and Estonia, a postal questionnaire was sent to previous respondents.
A total of 16,191 participants responded to the questionnaire. Reported onset of asthma, wheeze and night-time symptoms as well as nocturnal GOR and habitual snoring increased in prevalence along with the increase in body mass index (BMI). After adjusting for nocturnal GOR, habitual snoring and other confounders, obesity (BMI >30) remained significantly related to the onset of asthma, wheeze and night-time symptoms. Nocturnal GOR was independently related to the onset of asthma and in addition, both nocturnal GOR and habitual snoring were independently related to onset of wheeze and night-time symptoms.
This study adds evidence to an independent relationship between obesity, nocturnal gastro-oesophageal reflux and habitual snoring and the onset of asthma and respiratory symptoms in adults.
The aim of this study was to evaluate obesity, nocturnal GOR and habitual snoring as independent risk factors for the onset of asthma and respiratory symptoms in Northern European adults. If obesity was associated with increased risk of asthma onset, the study would be taken one step further; to assess whether this could be explained by reported nocturnal GOR and/or habitual snoring.
DR WIDODO JUDARWANTO SpA
children’s ALLERGY CLINIC
JL TAMAN BENDUNGAN ASAHAN 5 JAKARTA PUSAT, JAKARTA INDONESIA 10210
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