Posted by: Indonesian Children | July 23, 2010

Immunology of viral respiratory tract infection in infancy

Immunology of viral respiratory tract infection in infancy

Respiratory viruses such as respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), parainfluenza viruses (PIV) and the influenza viruses cause severe lower respiratory tract disease in infants and children throughout the world. We discuss the recent discovery of the epidemiologic importance of the human metapneumoviruses, first reported in 2001.

Respiratory viruses such as respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), the parainfluenza viruses (PIV), and the influenza viruses cause severe lower respiratory tract diseases in infants and children throughout the world. Experimental live attenuated vaccines for each of these viruses are being developed for intranasal administration in the first weeks or months of life. A variety of promising RSV, PIV-3, and influenza virus vaccine strains have been developed by classical biological methods, evaluated extensively in preclinical and clinical studies, and shown to be attenuated and genetically stable. The ongoing clinical evaluation of these vaccine candidates, coupled with recent major advances in the ability to develop genetically engineered viruses with specified mutations, may allow the rapid development of respiratory virus strains that possess ideal levels of replicative capacity and genetic stability in vivo. A major remaining obstacle to successful immunization of infants against respiratory virus associated disease may be the relatively poor immune response of very young infants to primary virus infection.

Experimental live-attenuated vaccines for each of these viruses are being developed for intranasal administration in the first weeks or months of life. The immunology of these infections in humans is poorly defined but many studies are ongoing. A significant obstacle to successful immunisation of infants against respiratory-virus-associated disease early in life may be the relatively poor immune response of very young infants to primary virus infection

 

Provided by

children’s ALLERGY Center online

JL TAMAN BENDUNGAN ASAHAN 5 JAKARTA PUSAT, JAKARTA INDONESIA 10210

PHONE : (021) 70081995 – 5703646

htpp://www.childrenallergyclinic.wordpress.com/ 

 

Clinical and Editor in Chief :

dr Widodo Judarwanto

email : judarwanto@gmail.com 

 

Information on this web site is provided for informational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice. You should not use the information on this web site for diagnosing or treating a medical or health condition. You should carefully read all product packaging. If you have or suspect you have a medical problem, promptly contact your professional healthcare provider. 

Copyright © 2010, Children Allergy Center Information Education Network. All rights reserved.


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