Posted by: Indonesian Children | October 23, 2010

FOOD ALLERGY – CRIMINAL : Alergi Makanan Dapat Berpengaruh Meningkatkan Perilaku kriminal Seseorang

FOOD ALLERGY – CRIMINAL :

Alergi Makanan Dapat Berpengaruh Meningkatkan Perilaku kriminal Seseorang

Dr Widodo Judarwanto SpA

 

Kejadian kriminal di kalangan anak sekolah semakin hari semakin meningkat pesat, baik kualitas dan kuantitasnya. Seiring dengan itu angka kejadian alergi di dunia semakin hari semakin meningkat pesat. Ternyata peningkatan kedua fenomena sosial dan kesehatan tersebut berkaitan. Dalam berbagai penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pengaruh alergi makanan dapat meningkatkan perilaku kriminal seseorang. Bahkan dalam sebuah penelitian telah ditemukan bahwa dengan melakukan intervensi diet alergi maka pelaku kriminal dapat ditekan.

Beberapa penelitian psikososial dan psikobiologis telah mengungkapkan faktor lingkungan sangat berpengaruh  terhadap perilaku kriminal pada seseorang. Lingkungan tersebut bisa berupa fisik, biologis dan sosial. Tetapi kebanyakan orang-orang beresiko biasanya memasuki lingkungan yang sama sehingga berpotensi terjadinya perilaku berbagai kejahatan tersebut.

Faktor lingkungan fisik dan sosial yang beresiko berkembangnya seorang menjadi kriminal adalah tekanan ekonomi yang buruk, perlakuan kasar dan keras sejak usia anak, penelantaran anak, perceraian orang tua, kesibukan orangtua, faktor pemberian nutrisi tertentu, dan kehidupan keluarga yang tidak mematuhi etika hukum, agama dan sosial. Lingkungan yang beresiko lainnya adalah hidup ditengah masyarakat yang dekat dengan perbuatan lriminal seperti pembunuhan, penyiksaan, kekerasan dan lain sebagainya.

Sedangkan lingkungan biologis salah satunya yang saat ini banyak diteliti adalah pola makan apakah berpengaruh terhadap tindak kriminal tersebut. Adanya penelitian yang dilakukan Peter C dkk tahun 1997 cukup mengejutkan. Didapatkan kaitan diet, alergi makanan, intoleransi makanan dan perilaku kriminal di usia muda cukup menjadi informasi dan fakta ilmiah yang menarik dan sangat penting, Meskipun demikian masih belum dapat dijelaskan mengapa beberapa faktor tersebut berkaitan.

Sedangkan Bentin dalam menelitiannya telah mengungkapkan bahwa intervensi dan penghindaran diet tertentu dapat brtprngaruh pada perilaku antisosial, perbuatan bunuh diri dan perbuatan kriminal.

Penelitian lain yang diungkapkan oleh Benneth adalah penanganan penderita alergi makanan dapat mencegah perilaku lriminal dalam kelompok masyatakat tertentu.

Bahkan penulis telah mengadakan penelitian terhadap kelompok anak penderita alergi dengan gangguan saluran cerna setelah dilakukan intervensi diet selama 3 minggu didapatkan beberapa penurunan perilaku emosi, agresif, gangguan tidur dan gangguan konsentrasi seorang anak.

Terdapat beberapa faktor resiko untuk terjadi tindak kekerasan dan kriminal yang dapat diamati sejak usia dini pada seorang anak. Beberapa perilaku tersebut meliputi peningkatan agresifitas, emosi, impulsifitas, hiperaktif, gangguan tidur dan sebagainya. Ternyata banyak faktor resiko tersebut juga terjadi pada penderita alergi dan hipersensitifitas makanan. Belakangan terungkap bahwa alergi atau hipersensitifitas makanan tertentu menimbulkan komplikasi yang cukup berbahaya, karena dapat mengganggu semua organ atau sistem tubuh kita termasuk gangguan fungsi otak. Gangguan fungsi otak itulah maka timbul gangguan perkembangan dan perilaku pada anak seperti gangguan konsentrasi, gangguan emosi, agresifitas, gangguan tidur, gangguan konsentrasi, impulsifitas hingga memperberat gejala penderita Autism dan ADHD.

Bila faktor genetik, gangguan fungsi otak, dan diikuti oleh lingkungan fisik, biologis dan sosial yang negatif maka tindak kriminal pada seorang individu lebih gampang terjadi.

Sehingga sangatlah penting untuk mengetahui faktor resiko dan gangguan perilaku pada usia anak untuk dilakukan pencegahan sejak dini. Bila hal ini dikaitkan dengan berbagai penelitian tersebut tampaknya dengan melakukan deteksi sejak dini gangguan alergi dan hipersensitifitas makanan mungkin saja dapat mencegah perilaku antisosial dan perilaku kriminal pada seseorang di masa depan.

Agresifitas, gangguan tidur, gangguan emosi dan gangguan anti sosial lainnya adalah faktor resiko terjadi prilaku kriminal pada seseorang. Ternyata dalam berbagai penelitian telah terungkap bahwa berbagai faktor resiko terjadinya perilaku kriminal tersebut juga seringkali di sebabkan karena alergi dan hipersensitifitas makanan.

Diperlukan penelitian lebih lanjut secara holistik melalui kajian biomolekular, pola genetik, psikobiologis dan psikososial lainnya untuk menyikapi temuan-temuan penting tersebut. Bila nantinya temuan penting tersebut saling melengkapi maka dengan perbaikan pola diet dan perbaikan gejala alergi pada kelompok masyarakat dapat membuat dunia ini lebih aman di masa depan.

Deteksi Dini Gangguan Perilaku Pada Penderita Alergi dan Hipersensitifitas makanan

  • GERAKAN MOTORIK BERLEBIHAN Mata bayi sering melihat ke atas. Tangan dan kaki bergerak terus tidak bisa dibedong/diselimuti. Senang posisi berdiri bila digendong, sering minta turun atau sering menggerakkan kepala ke belakang, membentur benturkan kepala. Sering bergulung-gulung di kasur, menjatuhkan badan di kasur (“smackdown”}. ”Tomboy” pada anak perempuan : main bola, memanjat dll.
  • GANGGUAN TIDUR  (biasanya MALAM-PAGI) gelisah/bolak-balik ujung ke ujung, bila tidur posisi “nungging”, berbicara/tertawa/berteriak dalam tidur, sulit tidur, malam sering terbangun/duduk, gelisah saat memulai tidur, gigi gemeretak (beradu gigi), tidur ngorok 
  • AGRESIF MENINGKAT sering memukul kepala sendiri, orang lain. Sering menggigit, menjilat, mencubit, menjambak (spt “gemes”)
  • GANGGUAN KONSENTRASI: cepat bosan sesuatu aktifitas kecuali menonton televisi,main game, baca komik, belajar. Mengerjakan sesuatu  tidak bisa lama, tidak teliti, sering kehilangan barang, tidak mau antri, pelupa, suka “bengong”, TAPI ANAK TAMPAK CERDAS
  • EMOSI TINGGI (mudah marah, sering berteriak /mengamuk/tantrum), keras kepala, negatifisme (sering membantah)
  • GANGGUAN KESEIMBANGAN KOORDINASI DAN MOTORIK : Terlambat bolak-balik, duduk, merangkak dan berjalan. Jalan terburu-buru, mudah terjatuh/ menabrak, duduk leter ”W”. 
  • GANGGUAN SENSORIS : sensitif terhadap suara (frekuensi tinggi) , cahaya (mudah silau), perabaan telapak kaki dan tangan sensitif  (jalan jinjit, flat foot, mudah geli, mudah jijik, tidak suka memegang bulu, boneka dan bianatang berbulu)
  • IMPULSIF : banyak bicara,tertawa berlebihan, sering memotong pembicaraan orang lain

 

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dr Widodo judarwanto SpA, pediatrician
Children’s Allergy Center Online
Picky Eaters Clinic, Klinik Kesulitan makan Pada Anak

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